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I have a large 6kw water heater to connect at a farm for washing a bulk milk storage tank. It is made made by Cotswold heaters and consists of a large insulated tank inside an outer steel box. It is controlled by separate control box containing timers and a contactor and connections for solenoids and a float switch. In the heater itself it is prewired to some din rail mounted style connectors to then accept the incoming cables. The prewired cables from the block to the heater terminals are heat resistant and the other smaller cables to the solenoid and float switch appear to be so aswell. My question is should the incoming cables be heat resistant as they don’t connect directly to the heater element terminals. If it was just a standard heater I would use a single heat resistant flex but there are control cables aswell with just a single cable entry to the heater so I was going to use flexible conduit and singles from the control box to the heater. I have wired a few of these before this way and the cables have been ok years later but in the spirit of bettering my methods I was wondering what way others would attack this job. Would some heat resistant sleeving over the singles at the heater End suffice or where should the requirement for heat resistant cables begin and end? See picture of heheater, sorry about the quality. The heater is at the bottom and connections are all behind the clear Perspex cover, hopefully the picture explains what I’m on about
None of the supply cables are heat resistant. With the exception of the supply to the heater none of the internal cables are heat resistant and some have been replaced over the years when contractors or thermostats have been replaced with different items with different wiring configurations. None are showing any heat damage.
As the maximum water temp used will be about 80 - 90 degrees and the tank is insulated, the temp in the connection/controller box should never get near this and I doubt any of the components around the connections are rated at more than 70 degrees. As the manufacturers instructions make no reference to using heat resistant cable or sheathing, I would not worry about using standard cable.
Agreed, very poor instructions.
I might as well ask the obvious question as well - what if anything do the Manufacturer's Instruction say?